MSA Overview from UK Medical Professional Reference Website

Yesterday, I stumbled across a medical professional reference website for UK doctors, called Patient (  The overview of MSA is pretty good.  These topics are addressed — diagnosis, etiology, epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, investigations, management, prognosis, and references.  Though the language is technical, many within Brain Support Network will have no difficulty understanding the text.

I’ve copied a short excerpt below.

Multiple System Atrophy

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder, caused by cell loss in certain areas of the brain and the spinal cord, leading to a variety of symptoms affecting especially the functions of the autonomic nervous system and the motor system. These are characterised by Parkinsonian features of varying severity, cerebellar ataxia and autonomic (particularly urogenital) dysfunction. There may also be some corticospinal features.